Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2019
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
OTE 3 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information and the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial information and include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All material intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. In the opinion of the Company’s management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of normal, recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair presentation of the results for the interim periods ended June 30, 2019 and 2018. As this is an interim period financial statement, certain adjustments are not necessary as with a financial period of a full year. Although management believes that the disclosures in these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are adequate to make the information presented not misleading, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements that have been prepared in accordance U.S. GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the SEC.
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2018, which contains the audited financial statements and notes thereto, for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017 included within the Company’s Form 10-K filed with the SEC on April 12, 2019. The interim results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ended December 31, 2019 or for any future interim periods.
Use of Estimates
The Company prepares its financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP. These principles require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Management believes that these estimates are reasonable; however, actual results could differ from those estimates. The consolidated financial statements presented include intangible assets, goodwill, fair value of assets and liabilities related to acquisitions, recoverability of deferred tax assets, collection of its receivables and the useful life of property, plant and equipment.
The Company accounts for business combinations under Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805 “Business Combinations” using the acquisition method of accounting, and accordingly, the assets and liabilities of the acquired business are recorded at their fair values at the date of acquisition. The excess of the purchase price over the estimated fair value is recorded as goodwill. All acquisition costs are expensed as incurred. Upon acquisition, the accounts and results of operations are consolidated as of and subsequent to the acquisition date.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that subject the Company to credit risk consist principally of trade accounts receivable and cash. The Company performs certain credit evaluation procedures and does not require collateral for financial instruments subject to credit risk. The Company believes that credit risk is limited because the Company routinely assesses the financial strength of its customers and, based upon factors surrounding the credit risk of its customers, establishes an allowance for uncollectible accounts and, consequently, believes that its accounts receivable credit risk exposure beyond such allowances is limited.
The Company maintains cash deposits with financial institutions which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”), which, from time to time, may exceed federally insured limits. Cash is also maintained at foreign financial institutions. Cash in foreign financial institutions as of June 30, 2019 was $816,466. The Company has not experienced any losses and believes it is not exposed to significant credit risk from cash.
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash
Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash, checking accounts, money market accounts and temporary investments with original maturities of three months or less when purchased. As of June 30, 2019, and 2018 the Company had no cash equivalents.
Restricted cash consists of cash deposited with a financial institution for $816,466 held in an escrow account.
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and restricted cash reported in the unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same amounts show in the statement of cash flows.
The Company follows the guidance of ASC Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC Topic 606”). The revenue recognition guidance requires that an entity recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance requires an entity to follow a five-step model to (a) identify the contract(s) with a customer, (b) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (c) determine the transaction price, (d) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and (e) recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation. In determining the transaction price, an entity may include variable consideration only to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized would not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is resolved.
Revenues under Topic 606 are required to be recognized either at a “point in time” or “over time”, depending on the facts and circumstances of the arrangement, and will be evaluated using a five-step model.
The Company principally generates revenue through three operating streams: (1) the sale of MagneGas fuel for metal cutting and through the sales of other industrial and specialty gases and related products through the Company’s wholly owned subsidiaries, (2) by providing consulting services and (3) through the sales of the Plasma Arc Flow Systems. The Company’s revenue recognition policy is as follows:
The timing of revenue recognition may differ from the timing of payment by customers. The Company records a receivable when revenue is recognized prior to payment and there is an unconditional right to payment.
The following table represents external net sales disaggregated by product category for the six months ended June 30,
The Company applies the accounting standards for distinguishing liabilities from equity under U.S. GAAP when determining the classification and measurement of its Preferred stock. Preferred shares subject to mandatory redemption are classified as liability instruments and are measured at fair value. Conditionally redeemable preferred shares (including preferred shares that feature redemption rights that are either within the control of the holder or subject to redemption upon the occurrence of uncertain events not solely within the Company’s control) are classified as temporary equity. At all other times, preferred shares are classified as permanent equity.
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation costs under the provisions of Accounting Standards Codification 718, “Compensation—Stock Compensation” (“ASC 718”), which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense related to the fair value of stock-based compensation awards that are ultimately expected to vest. Stock based compensation expense recognized includes the compensation cost for all stock-based payments granted to employees, officers, and directors based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of ASC 718. ASC 718 is also applied to awards modified, repurchased, or canceled during the periods reported.
The Company incurred stock-based compensation charges for employees, officers and directors of $526,824 and $221,257 for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, $744,520 and $221,257 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and has included such amounts in selling, general and administrative expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statement of operations.
The Company incurred stock-based compensation charges for non-employees, net of estimated forfeitures of $1,670,876 and $490,758 for the three months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and $3,309,504 and $839,983 for the six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively, and has included such amounts in selling, general and administrative expenses in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.
Basic and Diluted Net (Loss) per Common Share
Basic (loss) per common share is computed by dividing the net (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for each period. Diluted (loss) per share is computed by dividing the net (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding plus the dilutive effect of shares issuable through the common stock equivalents.
As of June 30, 2019, and 2018 the Company’s common stock equivalents outstanding were as follows:
The Company evaluates events that have occurred after the balance sheet date, but prior to the date the financial statements are issued. Based upon the evaluation, the Company did not identify any recognized or non-recognized subsequent events that would have required adjustment or disclosure in the consolidated financial statements, except as disclosed in Note 11.
Recent Accounting Standards
In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement. ASU 2018-13 modifies the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements by removing, modifying, or adding certain disclosures. The amendments in ASU 2018-13 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. An entity is permitted to early adopt any removed or modified disclosures upon issuance of ASU No. 2018-13 and delay adoption of the additional disclosures until their effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.
In April 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments. ASU 2019-04 provides further Updates related to financial instruments, following Updates 2016-01, 2016-13 and 2017-12. The amendments in ASU 2019-04 will be effective as of the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning after April 25, 2019. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption on any date on or after April 25, 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.
In May 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-05, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 362): Targeted Transition Relief. ASU 2019-05 is an update to ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 362): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The amendments in ASU 2019-05 will be effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted in any interim period after the issuance of this Update as long as an entity has adopted the amendments in Update 2016-13. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact of adopting this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.
In July 2019, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-07, Codification Updates to SEC Sections. ASU 2019-07 provides amendments to SEC paragraphs pursuant to SEC Final Rule Releases No. 33-10532, Disclosure Update and Simplification, Nos. 33-10231 and 33-10442, Investment Company Reporting Modernization and other miscellaneous updates. FASB has not provided an effective date as of the date of this filing.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef